? Franz-Anton Mesmer – Definition and explanations


Franz Anton Mesmer

Franz Anton Mesmer (May 23, 1734 – March 5, 1815, on the shore of Lake Constance) – German doctor, founder of the theory of magnetism. animal (An animal (from Latin animus, spirit or vital principle) according to classical classification, a…)also known as mesmerism.


Mesmer was born on May 23, 1734 in Iznang village (A village is a collection of settlements in a village or mountain,…) near Lake Constance (Three planes are described under the name Lake Constance (Bodensee in German)…).

In 1752 to the Jesuit theological school in Dillingen, and in 1754university (A university is a higher education institution with the purpose of…) Ingolstadt Jesuit for the third time year (A year is a unit of time that represents the time between two occurrences of a related event…) from theology. He entered the Faculty of Law at the University of Vienna in 1759, and later medicine (Medicine (Latin medicus, “healer”) science and…) In 1760.

In 1766, Mesmer published his work thesis (Thesis (translated from Greek thesis, “the act of posing”) …) of doctoral studies (To a doctor (Latin doctorem, doctum, supin – docere, to teach) usually…), About the influence of the planets on the human bodyhere we find the influence of theories magnetism (Magnetism is a physical phenomenon through which forces are manifested…) of doctor (A doctor is a medical worker who is a doctor…) swiss Paracelsus (Philippus Theophrastus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim, known as Paracelsus, was born in 1493 or 1494…)Belgian doctor Jan Baptist van Helmont (Magnetic wound healing1621), Scottish physician William Maxwell (De Medicina Magnetica1679), from a German Jesuit Athanasius Kircher (Athanasius Kircher (French: Athanase Kircher) (May 2, 1601, Geisa, in…) and Ferdinand Santanelli (Geheime Philosophy oder magic-magnetic Heilkunde1723).

In 1767, Mesmer married a wealthy widow, Maria Anna von Posch. Many Viennese musicians often their home (A house is a medium-sized building intended for a family to live in,…)Including Mozart, Haydn and Gluck.

In 1773, he gave his first treatment to a fluid (A liquid is a perfectly deformable material medium. We group under it…) universal. For this, he uses magnetic plates invented by the Jesuit Father Maximilian Hell. After arguing with Hell about the paternity of this process, Mesmer would insist that animal magnetism (Animal magnetism, also called mesmerism, ancient…) different from mineral magnetic fluid. In 1775, Mesmer was forced to pay his dues warning (Anderlik-Varga-Iskola-Sport (Anderlik-Varga-Ecole-Sport) was used to designate a…) yes, yesAcademy of Sciences (The Academy of Sciences is a learned society whose role is to promote research…) Munich about the exorcism of Father Johann Joseph Gassner. In 1777 he left Vienna to avoid a scandal with the father of the blind musician Maria Theresa von Paradis, who wanted to keep his pension.disability (In France, disability is the recognition of incapacity for work. It is…).

Come on Paris (Paris is a French city, the capital of France and the capital of the region…) He published it in 1778 Dissertation on the Discovery of Animal Magnetism In 1779 with his support pupil (We call disciple (Latin disciple, disciple) one who follows the teachings of…) Charles Deslon, Comte d’Artois’ personal physician. The main theses of this dissertation are the following:

  • A liquid physical (Physics (from Greek φυσις, nature) etymologically…) fills fineuniverse (The universe is the sum total of all that exists and the laws that govern it.)serves as an intermediary betweenman (A male is an adult male individual of a species called Modern Man (Homo…).)the soil (Earth is the third planet in the solar system in order of distance…) and between the heavenly bodies and men themselves;
  • The disease (A disease is a change in the functions or health of a living organism, animal…) it is caused by the poor distribution of this fluid in the human body healing (Healing is a biological process that the body’s cells undergo…) it means restoring the lost balance;
  • Thanks to techniques, this fluid can be channeled, stored and transferred to other people, causing “crises” in patients to treat them;

According to Mesmer, animal magnetism is the ability everything (The whole, understood as the whole of what exists, is often interpreted as the world or…) a. through man to heal his neighbor natural liquid the magnetizer will be the source and spread through it passescalled “mesmerian passages” over the whole body.

In 1780, Mesmer, who had more patients than he could treat individually, introduced a collective method of treatment known as the tub. It is during these collective treatments that infectious “magnetic crises” occur, during which the women of the best Parisian society lose their power. control (The word control can have several meanings. It can be used as a synonym for the words exam, of…)“hysterical” laughed, fainted, convulsed…

Mesmer was fiercely attacked by the medical school, but acquired influential clients such as the lawyer Nicolas Bergasse and a banker. Guillaume (Guillaume is a male name of German origin. Name Wille, Will and Helm,…) Kornmann and published it in 1781 Accurate historical facts about animal magnetism.

In 1782, after learning that Charles Deslon had created a client for animal magnetism, Mesmer, with the help of Nicolas Bergasse and Guillaume Kornmann, organized a subscription to buy “Mesmer’s Secret”. That’s what they create for Universal Harmony Society, it turns out to be a huge financial success. Armand Marc Jacques de Chastenet de Puysegur and his two brothers will be members of this society.

In 1784, Louis XVI appointed two commissions to study the practice of animal magnetism.Academy (Academy is a recognized assembly of men of letters, scientists and/or artists…) Sciences, other Royal Society of Medicine. commissioners,an astronomer (An astronomer is a scientist who studies astronomy.) Jean Sylvain Bailly, doctor Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, chemist (A chemist is a scientist who studies chemistry, that is… science.) Antoine Lavoisier (Antoine Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier, was born in Paris on August 26, 1743 and…)US Ambassador benjamin franklin (Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706 in Boston – April 17, 1790…) and based on the botanist Antoine Laurent de Jussieuobservation (Observation is the act of carefully watching events without the will to see them…) By Charles Deslon. Jean Sylvain Bailly concludes that “imagination without magnetism causes convulsions…magnetism without imagination produces nothing”, he also declares in his secret report that “magnetic treatment can only be dangerous to morals”. On the other hand, Antoine Laurent de Jussieu states that “the physical influence of man on man must be acknowledged.”

In 1785 Mesmer left France, reproaching his students for not keeping his “secret”. His glory the world (May refer to the word world 🙂 Anglo-Saxon would be that the verb “to hypnotize” (literally and figuratively) is always said in English. enchant.

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