PHILO Tle BAC: HAPPINESS ACCORDING TO ARISTOTLE, STOICS, KANT
Success is the realization of a person who leaves his ordinary situation to reach a better level of existence that conditions his perfection. Achieving results is the enjoyment of a fulfilling life that is a factor in happiness. what is happiness Who can really describe to us the paths to personal fulfillment? If the quest to improve one’s physical, mental, and spiritual life remains as exciting a reality as it is legitimate, then one can dare to think about happiness at the heart of a society still in the midst of an achievement crisis. . This goes without saying, because completeness is possible, even necessary, because of the rich dimension of human personality. Honestly, can a person be happy?
At oneHOWTO, we answer this question in this article Happiness: A Philosophical Definition – Philo Tle BAC. First, we will give a general definition of happiness, and then we will describe happiness in philosophy. Finally, we will consider the anthropocentric ethics of happiness dialectically.
what is happiness
The the definition of happiness can be expressed as follows:
- First, we can answer the question of what happiness is, that it is a set of favorable conditions that give us a feeling of happiness. live up to our dreams. is a state lasting satisfaction a place where mind and body live a pleasant, healthy and balanced life.
- Then, in the second aspect, the definition of happiness can be a state of complete development in which people’s expectations and hopes are realized. This understanding would be the main factor in ensuring freedom, enjoyment and joy of living.
- Moreover, these two previous definitions logically show us that when we talk about happiness, pain and suffering are completely mutually exclusive. True, because unhappiness is the opposite of happiness, and in that sense happiness would be the elimination of everything that limits life without exuberance.
To better understand the definition of happiness, it would be quite legitimate to think that happiness provides joy and pleasure. However, joy and pleasure do not necessarily lead to happiness. In other words, joy can remain a temporary concept and pleasure, futility; and happiness is characterized by its continuity and fullness. With that, let’s now see what philosophers think about the definition of happiness.
happiness in philosophy
If we agree that happiness is the state that gives us absolute pleasure, what would be the contribution of philosophy to this question? What is happiness in philosophy? Deductively, we can ask ourselves these questions:
- Can happiness be an objective reality, or should we learn to imagine a different way of thinking about happiness?
- Is it reasonable to want happiness?
These two essay topics about happiness in philosophy can also place us:
- Is it up to us to be happy?
- Does happiness inevitably elude us?
In the meantime, we leave you here with the Successful Philosophy Dissertation Method and the Successful Complex Commentary Method.
If you want to know what philosophers think about the definition of happiness, we invite you to continue reading our OneHOWTO article.
Happiness according to Aristotle
what is happiness Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) determines happiness sovereign good. Indeed, in Ethics in Nicomacheanhe dialectically presents the science of sovereign good through an in-depth analysis of various types. virtues. The word virtue is of Greek origin, Αρɛτή, defines “someone’s superior merit or quality.” From this point of view, according to Aristotle, being happy consists in determining the virtue that provides the basis for the ontological realization of the human personality and makes him happy. But the multiplicity of human actions makes the goals we propose different. But what is happiness?
To distinguish true happiness, it is necessary to refer to its characteristic features, that is, its happiness perfection, continuity, independence. Of the three forms of happiness fun (a life of sensual and material pleasures), political or public life (seeking fame and honor), intellectual life (life according to reason), Aristotle prefers the latter. A life of principles is a life of thought that enables the wise to act accordingly reason and to do “…virtuous deeds.” It should be noted that virtuous application will be patient and not sporadic. Only then can we live happily in perfect harmony with human nature and the universal order.
If this is the definition of happiness in philosophy in Aristotle, let’s consider the point of view of the Stoics, who have another philosophical view on the definition of happiness.
Happiness according to the Stoics
The definition of happiness in philosophy takes another turn here. The Stoics would also find the source of happiness in virtue, but in a certain sense. What is happiness for the Stoics? In fact, they distinguish between things that depend on us and things that we can do nothing about. This is what living happily is likebrave acceptance and indifferent to the calamities that befall us.
Epictetus (50-125 or 130) will say on this subject: “You can never be defeated if you never fight where victory does not depend entirely on you.” Practicing virtues and fighting vices is the attitude of a wise man. So for Marcus Aurelius, the philosopher emperor of the second century, “Be careful when you call yourself a good man, temperate, truthful, prudent, resigned, merciful, do not name yourself otherwise; and if you lose these names, quickly return to them.’
Moral happiness in Kant
Kant does not base his morality on happiness, because for him morality must assume a universality and necessity that goes beyond the scope of pleasure and happiness. The pursuit of happiness should not replace the pursuit of happiness, even if the person is perfect wisdom and moral duty.
Happiness in philosophy, in this case, does not compel one to moral or ascetic austerity. Kant’s ethics recommends the preservation of spiritual and physical health, the cultivation of the qualities of sociability, friendship, and playfulness that prepare a person for attractive virtue; that is, it is a virtue that a person decides to practice freely and joyfully. As for natural inclinations, which are good in themselves, they must be carefully regulated, “…they must be tamed, so that they do not destroy each other, but are brought into harmony in the so-called whole. happiness”.
What is Kantian happiness? Thus, Kant distinguishes between them without contradicting them: physical well-being (happiness) and intellectual (virtue, morality). The union of the two forms sithe ruler is good. That is to say, thanks to virtue, a person can make himself worthy of happiness by having a mind and moral behavior.
Happiness/Philosophy: Anthropocentrism or Transcendence?
The theories developed to think about human happiness are mostly valid. They actually build the importance of morals, values and laws who can raise a person from his downfall. However, they remain insufficient because they limit the ultimate end to man and his improvement. To ensure human happiness, in principle, a Supreme authority is needed that goes beyond the purely human framework to bring him into a higher dimension of behavior and hope.
Now you are aware of it Happiness: A Philosophical Definition – Philo Tle BACyou may be interested in Truth: A Philosophical Definition – Philo Tle BAC.
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- ARISTOTLE, Ethics in NicomacheanParis, 1992.
- BAILLY Anatole, Greek-French dictionaryHatchet, Paris, 1950.
- DACIER M., Handbook of EpictetusAubanel, Paris, 1967.
- Kant Emmanuel, The Critique of Pure ReasonGallimard, Paris, 198O
- Kant Emmanuel, Religion within simple reasonsParis, 2004.
- MARC-AUREL, thoughts for myselfGarnier Flammarion, Paris, 1964.