🔎 Private School of Architecture – Definition and Explanations


Special School of Architecture

Location Paris (Paris is a French city, the capital of France and the capital of the region…)France
Foundation 1865
friendly Schoolarchitecture (Architecture can be defined as the art of constructing buildings.) private
Features In the garden empty land (Wasteland is land or territory that is no longer cultivated or cultivated, even…).
Level Bac+5 to 6
Website (A website is a collection of web pages linked together and posted online at once…) ESA Paris {{{weblabel}}}

L’Special School of Architecture (ESA) is a private higher education institution in architecture, 254 boulevard (In the first sense, a boulevard is a communication road standing on old forts,…) Raspail in Paris.

It is currently managed by Odile Decq.

the diploma (Diploma (Ancient Greek: δίπλωµα, diploma…) Since 1934, the state-recognized Special School of Architecture (DESA) opens the right to register with the Order of Architects.

The story


as it was established in 1865Central School of Architecture, is the oldest modern architecture school in France. recognized as a public utility byyear (A year is a unit of time that represents the time between two occurrences of a related event…) 1870.

caused by refusalEugene Viollet-le-Duc (Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc was born in Paris on January 27, 1814 and…) to reformeducation (Training (Latin “insignis”, signified, marked with a sign, distinguished) a…) To promote the vocational classes of the Imperial School of Fine Artsarchitect (An architect is a construction professional whose function is to design and direct…) (both modern and medieval construction, flat, hygiene (hygiene is a set of measures designed to prevent infections and…)and so on.). It then provides support project (A project is an irreversible commitment of uncertain outcome, it cannot be repeated…) ofEmil Trelat, engineer (The main job of an engineer is to solve the problems of nature…) From 1852, he held the chair of civil engineering at the Imperial Conservatory of Arts and Crafts, the Central School of Arts and Crafts, to create a “free school of architecture” and to react against the monopoly practiced by architecture.Academy (Academy is a recognized assembly of men of letters, scientists and/or artists…) Fine arts in education.

Contemporary with the École Pratique des Hautes Etudes and the École Libre des Sciences Politiques, this creation was encouraged by the minister.public instruction (The Ministry of Public Education is the name given to the current Ministry…) Victor Duruy, who authorized the opening on June 30, 1865. Among the first hundred and thirty-seven shareholders of the school were many members close to the Saint-Simon movement: Emile Boutmi, Michel Chevalier, Ferdinand de Lesseps (never seen), Anatole de Baudot (Anatole de Baudot (Saarreburg, October 14, 1834 – Paris, February 28, 1915) was an architect…)Eugène Flachat, Émile de Girardin, Adolphe Crémieux, Émile Pereire, Léon Say, Étienne-Jules Marey, Charles Dupont (DuPont, whose full name is EI du Pont de Nemours and Company, is a company…) EuroJean-Baptiste André Godin, Eugène Viollet-le-Duc or Emile Muller.

The first educational programs


garden with columns Tuileries (The Tuileries was once a district of Paris between the Louvre Palace…) and Kamondo School in the background.

Courses are offered in four groups: At the foundation of the school there are eighteen chairs everything (The whole, understood as the whole of what exists, is often interpreted as the world or…) approximately 300 courses spread over the first three years of study; Last year was the year of the final project submitted to receive the school’s diploma.

  • Drawing lessons:
    • Geometry (Geometry is the branch of mathematics that studies the shapes of space…) description and stereotomy: Eure of Charles Dupont after Jules PilletX-Pont will develop stereotomy of wood and metal;
    • Drawing, drawing perspective and shadows;
  • Amphitheater courses:
    • Physical (Physics (from Greek φυσις, nature) etymologically…) general: Jules Janssen and physics applied to construction;
    • chemistry (Chemistry is a natural science divided into several specialties,…) general: Pierre-Paul Dehérain and chemistry applied to construction;
    • Geology: Amédée Burat (1809-1883;
    • Natural History (The process of observation and systematic description of nature… begins from that moment). (botany, wood, gardens): Pierre-Paul Dehérain
    • Stability of structures (static): Henri de Dion;
    • Construction: Emil Trelat ;
    • Construction machines: Louis de Mastainghe is also a professor at Centrale
    • Accounting of buildings, quantitative measurements;
    • Civil and real estate law, administrative construction law, construction law: Jacques Flash, also professor French high school (The Collège de France is located at No. 11 Marcelin-Berthelot in the Latin Quarter…)
    • Political economy: Adolphe-Gustave Blaise he said Blaise des VosgesBorn in Epinal on June 17, 1811 – dead (Death is the final state of a biological organism that ceases to live (even…) May 21, 1886 in Paris, liberal economist, author Industrial economics courseConfessed by Adolphe Blanqui
    • History of civilizations and comparative history of architecture: Eugène Viollet-le-Duc and Anatole de Baudot, then Emile Boutmy; This chair will then be divided into two periods:
      • Art in the Middle Ages, with Camille Enlart as teacher;
      • modern art XVIe to the century XIXe century, with Professor G. Brière;
    • Hygiene and public sanitation: Ulysse Trélat with Etienne-Jules Marey;

There are three workshops at the base of the school point (graphic) the meeting and application of all the teachings of the school. There are short projects. The first three owners are architects Joseph Nicol (1811-1896), Charles-Jules Simonet (1826-1896), his former student and collaboratorHenri Labrouste (Henri Labrouste (Paris, May 11, 1801 – Fontainebleau, June 24, 1875) a…)and Francois Thierry-Ladranges (1825-1896), all three members of the Central Society of Architects;

  • works of vacation (Holidays (plural, Latin vacare, “to be without”) is a…)Studies and studies of buildings and monuments freely chosen by students in France or abroad. month (A month (lat. mensis “month”, formerly from plural “menstruation”) is a period of time…) summer. These are the works presented in the form of a sketchbookobject (In general, the word object (from Latin objectum, 1361) refers to an entity defined by …) at the end of the study, the price is equal to half, together with the final project for obtaining a school diploma;

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