๐Ÿ”Ž Port of Gennevilliers – Definition and Explanations

Introduction

aerial view

the Port of Gennevilliers Leading port of Ile-de-France, leading river port in France (ahead of Strasbourg on the Rhine and Ronda Lyon), second river port in Europe (after Duisburg in Germany). It is located in Gennevilliers north (North is the cardinal point against south.) Hauts-de-Seine department.

The story

There were several more or less eccentric projects for the creation of the port Paris (Paris is a French city, the capital of France and the capital of the region…) downstream. Several locations of establishments were mentioned, notably Clichy and the peninsula of Gennevilliers.
the project (A project is an irreversible commitment of uncertain outcome, it cannot be repeated…) ofAristide Dumont and Louis-Richard, erected in 1863, planned to build a port that would use the entire curve of the peninsula, which now corresponds to the present city of Villeneuve-la-Garenne. contact with the capital (The capital (Latin caput, capitis, head) is the city where the powers sit,…) planned a Road (The word “way” is derived from the Latin (via) rupta, literally “way…”). very wide and completely flat, which will connect the port with the Arc de TriompheStar (A star is a celestial body that emits light autonomously, like a…).

After the flood of 1910, a commission was formed to seriously study the site and project. This commission sat from 1911 to 1914 to establish a new port on the Gennevilliers peninsula and to connect it with the Western, State, Northern and Grand Belt railways.
The commission preferred this institution over Clichy, mainly because of its lower urbanization. Little industrialized, this place is still very agricultural and offers the advantage of having the necessary land. In addition, this area, close to the railway lines, is also accessible to boats from the lower Seine. Bridges are not very low. However, it remains to convince the municipality and its residents.

  • In 1917, two engineers Welcome Fulgence (Fulgence Marie Auguste Bienvenue, born January 27, 1852 in Ouzel…) and Louis Suquet are commissioned by the municipal council to draw up preliminary designs. Their plans, transmitted in 1919, were adopted in 1920. It will be implemented almost exactly as planned.
  • In 1925, a public inquiry was launched to initiate geological surveys for the acquisition of land, following the inquiry notice that had been initiated in 1920.
  • In 1926, the department considered confiscation of land to achieve the required port property. The construction of the first two ports was started in 1928.
  • In 1931, the first two basins were completed. However, they will be used only later Second (The second is the feminine of the second adjective immediately following the first, or which…) World War. The leaping of the Seine and the entrances to the harbor are made before war is declared.
  • After the armistice in 1940, despite the lack of equipment, it was decided to continue drilling.
  • In 1942, the occupying troops settled in the coal port and occupied the warehouses of the hydrocarbon company. The Germans demand manpower, the expansion of the port is stopped. Instead, French workers build two military equipment parks “Pioneer Park”, hangars, railways, offices and residential buildings.
  • In 1943, the part was released to the National de la Office Navigation (Navigation is a collection of science and capabilities:) is requisitioned.

On August 25, 1944, the Germans were expelled. the 1er September, American troops occupied “Pi Park”.

  • On August 20, 1944, Waldeck becomes L’Huillier mayor (The mayor represents the municipal government. In many cases, he is the authority…) replaced Jean Grandel, who was shot down by the Germans. The port project is being undertaken by the local liberation committee.

The war had destroyed all the bridges between Gennevilliers and the Seine the sea (The term sea encompasses several realities.). These ruins are a kind of blessing, these bridges that prevent large ships from going up to the capital, so their strength will be increased and rebuilt. height (Height has several meanings depending on the subject area.) enter here surface (Surface generally refers to the surface layer of an object. The term a…) of tea (In French hydrography, a river is a stream of water flowing into the sea or…) and bridge decks… In this way they will be separated and rebuilt according to the new standards to pass (The Passer breed was created by the French zoologist Mathurin Jacques…) high tonnage ships.

  • In 1946, the first two docks were put into operation, and the third was dug for the transportation of liquid fuel. A connection is established with the railways of the northern region. From the beginning, the port attracted the establishment of large industries need (Needs are at the level of interaction between the individual and the environment. This…) both waterway and trace (A railway is a road for railway caravans, one or…).
  • Just before the opening of the new facilities in 1948, the volume of transport was 45 thousand tons.
  • In 1950, shipping increased to 450,000 tons.

Since 1950, we can distinguish three main actors:
A department that is largely involved in the construction of infrastructure (beds, basins, railways, highways, etc.).
Paris Chamber of Commerce, which manufactures tools (cranes, portals, etc.).
Industrialists who lease land and turn it into warehouses.

  • In 1955, two more basins were commissioned.
  • In 1957, stores and warehouses covered more than three hectares.

It’s the same year (A year is a unit of time that represents the time between two occurrences of a related event…) A large grain silo of 2300 tons is put into operation. It is one of the largest (if not the largest) and most modern in Europe. The wheat comes from different regions of France, a blend that has long been called “Gennevilliers wheat” (although not grown on site), giving it a very special quality. Since 1996, Grands Moulins de Paris has occupied these silos, which are 28 meters high and 180 meters long.
Silo construction cement (Cement (Latin caementum means rubble, building stone) is a material…) intended for materials (A material is a material of natural or artificial origin formed by man…) public works have also been completed.

  • In 1958, the port had 32,000 mยฒ of shops and closed warehouses, 8 electric cranes, 8 crawler cranes, 22 trolleys on 18-meter-span gantries. is loaded (The download word can specify the action or result of a download ๐Ÿ™‚12 km of coastline and 27 km of railway lines are spread territory (The concept of territory is becoming more and more important in geography and especially…) port. Sea traffic that year Port of Gennevilliers (The port of Gennevilliers is the first port of Ile-de-France, the first river port…) Reaching 119,638 tons, it led to 986 movements of French, Dutch, British and German naval vessels. We made it from coal gas (A gas is a collection of very loosely bound atoms or molecules and…) of city (A city is an urban unit (“human settlement”…) and coke. The last, the rest distillation (Distillation is the process of separating a mixture of liquids…) of coal (Houille (from the French Walloon hoye), is a carbonaceous rock. It is…)was reserved for metallurgy (Metallurgy is a materials science that studies metals, their…) while it was of good quality, the rest was too poor, so it was intended for sale to individuals heating (Heating is the act of transferring heat energy to an object, a…).
  • 5 in 1960e basin (dock No. 3) has been put into operation, transportation is close to 1,350,000 tons.
  • In 1963, it was 6’s turne basin with the installation of the first one (darse Nยฐ4). bus stop (Passenger bus terminal or intermodal hub in the jargon of planners,…) international but temporary. About 300,000 cubic meters of hydrocarbon reserves are stored in the tanks of the port, which shows the gasoline consumption of Paris for 6 years. month (A month (Lat. mensis from the word “month”, formerly from the word “menstruation” in the plural) is a period of time…).
  • Since 1965 A park (The park is an enclosed natural land,[1] formed from forests or meadows, in which…) maintenance of tractors and cars (A car or vehicle is a land vehicle that moves with the help of a . . . ) new river vehicles are created (mainly Renault cars).
  • Transport in 1970 is 9,000,000 tons. The main cargoes transported are hydrocarbons, construction materials, industrial and agricultural products, coal, vehicles, etc.

New industries are developing: scrap cars, warehouses, household waste, including scrap metal recycling, sand (Sand or arena, small… etc… The 70s mark the peak of the port. First Port tanker (An oil tanker is a tanker used to transport oil and its…) It is also a multipurpose port of France.

  • The current surface of the port is about 380 hectares:

– 50 hectares represent water bodies with 2 channels and 6 docks with a length of 660 to 800 meters.
– 220 hectare industrial zone with shops and company warehouses
– 110 hectares for port activities and various services (security, customs, firefighters, management, transportation (Transportation is the act of moving something or someone from one place to another, most often…) and so on…

  • Since 2003, the port has been rehabilitated and replaced, a project for the integration of the port area into the city is being planned and implemented by Odile Decg (Fulgence Bienvenue’s great-niece).

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