2022 ended with numerous heat records and extreme climate events. So the last twelve months have put climate change much more at the center of the debate. There is urgency and the challenge is great. Will 2023 be up to the task in terms of climate? Here are some reasons to hope for progress.
Also read: Climate change: no, all is not lost, here are six reasons to believe so
1. The most polluting countries are committed to climate
To succeed in limiting global warming, everyone must participate. Especially the big polluters. And in this regard, encouraging decisions have been made that give hope for developments for the coming year.
Since the arrival of Joe Biden in the White House, the United States has been “back” in the fight against global warming. Basic investment plan for 46 in Auguste President on Climate and Health was adopted. On the climate side, the text envisages a massive envelope of $370 billion to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This is the largest climate investment ever made in the United States.
In September it was Australia’s turn to pass a major climate change bill, the first in a decade! This text specifically contains emission targets and for the first time includes a net zero emissions goal by 2050 in its legislation.
China also wants to green its economy. The country still favors growth in domestic consumption and exports, but paradoxically, the world’s biggest polluter has become the world’s leading producer of wind and solar power and a leading international investor in renewable energies.
Also read: Why is France so far behind in renewable energy?
2. Hopes for Amazon
The “Green Lung of the Earth” abused during Jair Bolsonaro’s mandate should breathe a little better with Lula’s return to power. The underinvested country’s new leftist president signed a series of decrees in early 2023 aimed at strengthening protection of the Amazon, where average annual deforestation has increased by 75% over the previous decade. .
Lula especially established “Permanent inter-ministerial commission on prevention and control of deforestation”When deciding to reactivate the Amazon Foundation, which was created in 2008 to collect donations for investments in the protection of the forest.
The latter has been frozen since 2019 due to disagreements between major donors Norway and Germany and Bolsonaro’s government over the allocation of funds. These two countries have expressed their intention to increase it again. Lula also revoked a decree allowing mining in indigenous territories and environmentally protected areas. So much news that gives hope for Amazon’s future.
3. Agreement reached at COP27 to help poor countries
If COP27 once again left a taste of incompleteness by failing to set new ambitions for reducing greenhouse gases, it nevertheless ended on a note of hope, with the adoption of a symbolic resolution to compensate for the damage already suffered by climate change. the poorest countries.
Representatives from nearly 200 countries gathered for two weeks in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, on the shores of the Red Sea, to reach a last-minute agreement after long and difficult negotiations that went well beyond the planned schedule.
The text on aid to poor countries thus proposes the creation of a fund “Loss and Damage” It aims to encourage rich countries to help developing countries cope with the negative effects of climate change, such as storms and floods.
The agreement envisages the creation of a “transition committee” to identify eligible countries, funding modalities and donors by the next COP28 in November 2023 in Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
4. Important international meetings in 2023
Before the 28the With the annual United Nations climate conference scheduled for later this year, several international meetings have already been scheduled for the spring. France and Gabon have announced that the One Planet summit on rainforests will be held in March 2023 in Libreville. The prospect of progress in protecting tropical forests and combating deforestation is an important issue for the climate as well as for biodiversity. .
President Emmanuel Macron also announced that he will hold a summit in Paris to work on COP28 “New financial pact” with vulnerable countries.
2023 will also mark the end of the IPCC’s sixth assessment cycle, with the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change publishing a summary of this work scheduled for March. Between 2021 and 2022, the IPCC published three parts of this sixth report: the first recording observed climate change, the second assessing its consequences for humans, and the last proposing solutions to mitigate and adapt to global warming.
Finally, the year will end with Cop28 in Dubai from November 30 to December 12. But in mid-January 2023, the hopes of many climate experts for this big meeting have already been dashed with the appointment of Cope du to the presidency. CEO of a major oil company in the United Arab Emirates. The first alarming signal.
COP28 will be an opportunity to publish the first global report on countries’ commitments to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement. Recall that the Paris Agreement aims to keep global warming well below 2°C and, if possible, well below 1.5°C. If reaching this threshold seems difficult now, we can hope that this report will give us an encouraging glimpse of the path taken by the signatories.
5. Pending laws in France
And in France? The country’s goals are still far from being realized. However, we can note some progress for 2023. For example, since the beginning of January, it has been prohibited to rent the most energy-consuming residences. First step to ban all “thermal filters” for rent in France.
Several climate bills are also pending in France. As a text on renewable energies. The goal? Significantly develop wind energy, photovoltaics in close cooperation with local elected officials.
Anticipated law given France’s lag in renewables. France is the only EU country to miss its 2020 targets. Despite France’s 23% commitment, renewable energy accounted for only 19.1% of the country’s final energy consumption.
After the green light of the Senate, the National Assembly adopted the text on Tuesday, January 10. However, the vote was marked by the abstention of the Green MPs who believed that there was a text “Misses stated ambition”.
“We expect better”, for example, regarding the placement of renewable energy sources in existing buildings, emphasized the head of EELV Marine Tondelier. MPs and senators must now agree on a compromise text on January 24 for final adoption.
Another key component expected in 2023: the energy and climate programming law (LPEC). Introduced by the law of 8 November 2019 on energy and climate, which must be adopted within the year, the LPEC will have to define the main objectives of the national climate and energy policy, taking into account the goal of carbon neutrality. In 2050.