? Paeonia veitchii – Definition and Explanations


Veitch peony
Classical classification
Dominion Plantae
Division (Division is the composition law that relates the product of the first to two numbers…) magnoliophyta
Class in magnoliopsida
Place an order Dilleniales
Family Paeoniaceae
gender Paeonia
Binomial name (In taxonomy (botany, zoology, etc.) binomial name or binomial…
Paeonia veitchii
Lynch, 1909
Phylogenetic classification (Phylogenetic classification is a system for classifying organisms…)
Place an order Saxifragales
Family Paeoniaceae

The Veitch peony (Paeonia veitchii) a grass plant (A herb has at least one of these characteristics: flower, leaf, branch, or…) From the Paeoniaceae family, from the alpine meadows of central China (southeast desert (Today the word desert designates a sterile area or a very inhospitable area…) Gobi). Very close Paeonia anomaly L., poses some identification problems and is now considered a subspecies by DY Hong and KY Pan (2001, Flora of China). P. anomala.

Veitch’s peony (川赤芊 chuānchìsháo in Chinese) is very popular in China, where its root (together with its root) Paeonia lactiflora) serves as issue (Matter is the substance that makes up any body that has material reality. Its…) Medicine under the name of 赤芊药 chìsháoyào.

Etymology: James Veitch (1815-1868) was a famous gardener in Chelsea (London). Lynch, who depicted Pio, was awarded the Veitch Memorial Medal in 1901 and again in 1924.


  • (≡) Paeonia anomaly subsp. veitchii (Lynch) DY Hong and KY Pan
  • (=) Paeonia beresowskii Com.
  • (=) Paeonia woodwardii Stapf ex Cox

Veitch peony a plant (Plants (Plantae Haeckel, 1866) are multicellular organisms…) herbaceous, perennial, 50-80 cm tall height (Height has several meanings depending on the subject area.)with strong roots.

Leaves 2-ternate, leaves deeply cut into 2 or 4 narrow segments, decurrent base, sometimes lobed. Segments and lobes linear-linear-lanceolate, 3.5-10 x 0.4-2 cm, green (Green is the complementary color corresponding to light of wavelength…) dark above, glaucous below.

Each root (The stem is in plants, the arrow is usually air, it extends the root and…) usually 2 to 4 flowers, terminal and axillary and bearing 1 to 3 flower buds were cut. The flower (A flower consists of all reproductive organs and envelopes…) There are 2-5 leafy branches, 3-4 ovate-orbicular sepals, 6-9 pink or red petals and 2-5 carpels. The to flourish (Blooming is the biological process of flower development. It is…) takes place in April-June.

the fruit (In botany, a fruit is a plant organ that protects a seed…) consists of brown follicles yellow (There are (at least) five definitions of the color yellow, which are roughly the same…)dark and sometimes hairless.

There are several subordinate taxa:

  • Paeonia veitchii subsp. Altai
  • Paeonia veitchii There’s Lynch veitchii
  • Paeonia veitchii there is woodwardii (Stapf and Cox) FC Stern, a smaller variety (30 cm tall), was found in yak grasslands near Zhoni in Gansu at an altitude of about 3000 m.


This peony loves forests, wooded meadows, sunny slopes of subalpine and alpine areas (1800-3900 m).

It has a very wide distribution area in Central China: Sichuan, Shaanxi, Jinghai and, by the way, Gansu, Ningxia, Tibet, Shanxi, Yunnan.

use it

In China, the root is used as materia medica. under the name Radix Paeonia Rubrae赤芊药pinyin: chìsháoyào, Chinese Pharmacopoeia (2005) combines the two species, Chinese peony (Chinese peony (Paeonia lactiflora) is a perennial herb of the… family.), Paeonia lactiflora Pallas and Veitch peony, Paeonia veitchii Lynch. The root is collected spring (Spring (Latin primus, first and tempus, time, this season marks once …) or to fall (Autumn is one of the four seasons in temperate zones. It falls between summer and…)dried in it Sun (The Sun (Latin Sol, Greek Helios or Ήλιος) is a star…) then cut into strips. It is used raw or cooked Stove (A stove is a device equipped with a masonry casing or heating system…). It is one of the most widely used traditional medicines in China. It is considered to have the following functions:

  • removing heat (In everyday language, the words heat and temperature often have equivalent meanings:…)
  • refresh blood (Blood is a fluid connective tissue composed of free cell populations, including…)
  • relieves pain by eliminating blood stasis and reducing swelling

Traditional indicators are:

  • inflammatory condition
  • disease (A disease is a change in the functions or health of a living organism, animal…) fever (The medical term (Latin febrilis, febris – fever) means…)silly
  • amenorrhea, menorrhagia

According to recent pharmacological studies, from the root of polyphenols Paeonia veitchii More effective than Chinese peonies, Paeonia lactiflora.

analysis by chromatography (Chromatography is an analytical chemistry separation technique that…) HPLC detects paeoniflorin, 1,2,3,4,6-pentagalloyl in Veitch peony root. glucose (Glucose is an aldohexose, the main representative of oses (sugars). By convention, it is…), gallic acid, methylgallate, tetragalloyl glucose, galloylpaeoniflorin. Galloyl glucose has recently been shown to reduce endotoxin levels in the blood plasma (In physics, plasma describes a state of matter consisting of charged particles…) during sepsis (Septisemia or sepsis (Greek Σήψις, putrefaction)…).

This peony is also grown as an ornamental plant. It is a hardy, easy-to-grow plant that only requires well-drained soil and a position in sun or partial shade.

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