Andres Manuel del Rio
Andres Manuel del Rio Fernandez (November 10, 1764, Madrid—March 23, 1849, Mexico City), chemist and geologist who discovered the chemical element Vanadium (Vanadium is a chemical element with symbol V and atomic number 23.).
Andres del Rio learns chemistry (Chemistry is a natural science divided into several specialties,…) analytics and metallurgy (Metallurgy is a materials science that studies metals, their…) in his native Spain. He got his license from himUniversity (A university is a higher education institution with the purpose of…) d’Alcala de Henares in 1780. He received a government scholarship to attend a mining school in Almaden, where he excelled. Then he goes Paris (Paris is a French city, the capital of France and the capital of the region…), where he studied under Jean d’Arcet. He continued his studies at the Mining School Freiberg (Freiberg is the name 🙂in Germany under his leadershipAbraham Gottlob Werner (Abraham Gottlob Werner (25 September 1749 or 1750)[citation nécessaire] – June 30, 1817),…). He meets the baron in Freiberg Alexander von Humboldt (Friedrich Heinrich Alexander, Baron von Humboldt, better known as Alexander von Humboldt…). Then he returned to Paris as a studentAntoine Lavoisier (Antoine Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier, was born in Paris on August 26, 1743 and…)he also collaborates with the abbot René Just Hauy (Father René Just Hauy was born on February 28, 1743…), (father of crystallography). Considered as Lavoisier during the French Revolution the founder (Founder (real name: Founding Father) is a science fiction short story by Isaac…) modern chemistry is the guillotine. Del Rio is forced to runEngland (England is one of the four constituent parts of the United Kingdom…).
The discovery of vanadium
Vanadium is present in minerals such as vanadinite, Pb5(VO4)3Cl.
In 1801 while examining mineral samples sent to him from the Purísima del Cardenal mine Zimapan in the case of Mexico City (Mexico City (Ciudad de México in Spanish) is the capital of Mexico; it is…), del Rio concludes that he has discovered a new metallic element. He prepares various compounds whose colors he observes and names this element panchromium. He then turns observing this red (Red meets different definitions depending on the chromatic system we use…) when heated it changes its name erythronium. (Erythros meaning red Greek.) Theyear (A year is a unit of time that represents the time between two occurrences of a related event…) then puts one back example (Generally, a sample is a small amount of material, information, or…) In Humboldt, he sends it to Hippolyte-Victor Collet-Descotils in Paris for analysis. Collet-Descotils analysis (erroneously) only detects chrome (Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.). Humboldt, in turn, rejects the discovery of a new element by del Rio, admitting that he himself was wrong.
Only in 1830, 29 years after its first discovery, the Swedish professor Nils Gabriel Sefström rediscovered this element. He gives him the name vanadiumIn honor of the Scandinavian goddess of love and beauty, Vanadis. In the same year, Friedrich Wöhler chemist (A chemist is a scientist who studies chemistry, that is… science.) synthesizing Germanurea (Urea or urea (INN) is an organic compound with the chemical formula CO(NH2)2. It is…), analyzes del Río’s samples and proves that vanadium and erythronium are the same. Later, an American geologist George William Featherstonhaugh unsuccessfully suggested naming the element rionioin honor of its inventor.
It was not until 1867 that the English chemist Henry Enfield Roscoe isolated it Metal (A metal is a chemical element that can lose electrons…) clean for the first time.
Mines of New Spain
In 1792, King Charles III of Spain established the Real Seminario de Minería (School of Mines) in New Spain with the goal of reforming the study of mining and metallurgy in the colony. The enterprise was first managed by explorer Fausto de Elhujar (1755-1833). tungsten (Tungsten is a chemical element of the periodic table and is represented by the symbol W (…). Young del Rio was appointed to the chair of chemistry and mineralogy (Mineralogy is the study of minerals.). He arrived in Veracruz on October 20, 1794 San Francisco de Alcantara From Cadiz.
In this position, del Río is dedicatededucation (Training (Latin “insignis”, signified, marked with a sign, distinguished) a…) and also research (Scientific research is primarily…. On April 17, 1795, he inaugurated the first course in mineralogy in New Spain. He conducted important research on minerals and developed new methods of mining. In Mexico, he cooperates with naturalist (The word naturalist refers to the field of natural sciences. Adjective… German baron Alexander von Humboldt. Influenced by Humboldt del Rio, he will write: “The best works on mineralogy in Spain were published in Mexico.Elementos de Orictognosia Senor Del Rio.” In fact, it is the first mineralogy book published this year America (America is a separate continent from Asia in the west and…). Humboldt is an active participant in the Real Seminario de Minería. It organizes excursions to the basalt zone from Chapultepec Xitle’s Pedregal and Peñon de los Banosaccumulated data (In information technology (IT), data is an elementary description, often…) and samples of minerals and rocks to be analyzed to identify them.
In 1820, del Rio was appointed deputy to the Cortes of Spain. He is a liberal who advocates the independence of New Spain. He is Madrid (Madrid is the capital of Spain. The largest and most populous city in the country, it…) When Mexico gained its independence. He was invited to stay in Spain, but he returned to Mexico (in 1821), which he considered his homeland.
In 1829, after a difficult period of war with Spain, the independent Mexican government expelled the Spanish residents from the country. country (Country comes from the Latin pagus, which designates a territorial and tribal division…) with a few notable exceptions. Del Rio is one of those exceptions. This significantly affects the work of expulsions High school (A quorum may designate a group of like-minded people…) mines. Its director Fausto Elhuyar is forced to resign and leave the country. Angered by the expulsion of his colleagues, del Rio showed solidarity and voluntarily exiled himself. Philadelphia (Philadelphia is a city in the US state of Pennsylvania…). He received many awards there and his book was republished there in a new edition. In 1834 he returned to Mexico, where he resumed the chair of mineralogy in the College.