🔎 Geography of Guinea-Bissau


Geography of Guinea-Bissau
Continent Africa
Region West Africa
Contact information 12° 00′ N., 15° 00′ N
Territory (Area or surface area is the size of a surface. By metonymy we often designate…) 133e degree (Mathematics In Linear Algebra, the rank of a family of vectors is…the size.) global
36,120 km²
Land: 88%
Water: 12%
ribs 350 km
Borders General (Total is an absolute quality without exception. In accounting terms, a…): 724 km
Guinea 386 km, Senegal 338 km
Height (Elevation is the vertical height of a place or object relative to the level…) maximum 300 m (unnamed location)
Minimum height 0m (Atlantic Ocean)
The longest coursewater (Water is a ubiquitous chemical compound on Earth, essential for everyone…) Rio Corubal
The largest body of water ?

General description

It is surrounded by Guinea-Bissau north (North is the cardinal point against south.) by Senegal south (South is the cardinal point against north.) and with Guinea on the east, andthe west (West is the cardinal point, opposite east. This direction…) withAtlantic Ocean (The Atlantic Ocean is one of the Earth’s five oceans. Its area…).

This is small country (Country comes from the Latin pagus, which designates a territorial and tribal division…) it is only on the 133rd place in the list of countries according to its territory. it is 36,120 km², of which 28,000 km² Place (Earth is the third planet in the solar system in order of distance…) and 8,120 km² the sea (The term sea encompasses several realities.).

the landscape (Etymologically, a landscape is an arrangement of a person’s features, characters, forms…) it’s a little wavy, but not by any means point (graphic) height does not exceed 200 meters. The coast looks particularly rugged. Long river estuaries and inlets extend far inland.

Natural regions

The country can be divided into three main regions:

  • Coastal zone. Very fragmented and often occupied by mangrove (A mangrove is basically an ecosystem containing a group of plants…).
  • Plains and wide valleys. Periodically flooded, it is convenient for them Culture (Culture is a pangalactic civilization invented by Iain M. Banks through his…) from rice (Rice is a cereal plant of the Poaceae or Grasses family, cultivated…).
  • Light reliefs (hills). There are very good conditions for this area culture (The UNESCO definition of culture is as follows [1] 🙂 cashew (cashew) andpeanuts (Peanut (Arachis hypogaea) (also called peanut (or peanut…)) (butter and peanuts).

Savanna prevails in the east.

The mangrove ecoregion is present almost everywhere in the coastal zone of the country.

A view of Guinea-Bissau.

Rice cultivation.


The climate is tropical, hot and humid. As in neighboring Guinea, rain is plentiful almost everywhere. The The season (A season is a period of the year that observes the relative stability of the climate and…) It rains from June to November the wind (Wind is the movement of the atmosphere, the mass of gas located on the surface…) from Southwest (Southwest is the half direction between the south and west cardinal points. The…); the dry season lasts from December to May and is accompanied by harmattan or dry wind North east (North-east is the half-way between the north and east cardinal points. North-east…).


Hydrography (Hydrography is the study and description of rivers and water bodies (oceans, etc.).)

There are only relatively small rivers in the country, but the abundant ones are often characterized by large estuaries. They penetrate deep inside and expand greatly under their influence tide (Upward movement of rising waters (flow or flood), then downward (reflux or flow) …).

The main rivers of the country are:

  • Rio Geba
  • the Rio Mansoa
  • Rio Cacheu
  • Rio Corubal
  • the Rio Sao Martinho

Water balance of the country

Guinea-Bissau is one of the well-watered countriesAfrica (With an area of ​​30,221,532 km2 including islands…), despite the relatively long dry season. Rain often feeds abundant streams.

According to Aquastat, height (Height has several meanings depending on the subject area.) annual water medium (A mean value is a statistical measure that characterizes a set of elements…) the amount of precipitation is 1,577 millimeters, that is, for an area of ​​36,120 square kilometers volume (In physics or mathematics, volume is a quantity that measures expansion…) annual precipitation 56.96 kilometers (The meter (symbol m, from the Greek metron, measure) is the basic unit of length of the system…) cubes, rounded up to 57 km³ (for example, 78,597 km³ in Portugal, a country 2.6 times larger – or 25.84 km³ in Belgium, an even slightly smaller country).

From this volume sediment (In chemistry and metallurgy, a precipitate is the formation of a phase…), evaporation-transpiration consumes 41 km³. There are 16 cubic kilometers of resources produced on it territory (The concept of territory is becoming more and more important in geography and especially…) (domestic) of the country. The country also receives a significant additional water supply of 15 km³ from neighboring countries (mainly from Guinea via the Rio Corubal, but also from Senegal via the Rio Geba). Thus, the country’s total water resources reach 31 cubic kilometers per year (1 km³ = 1 billion (One billion (1,000,000,000) is a natural number after nine hundred…) m³).

The amount (Quantity is a general metrology term (count, amount); scalar,…) available water (inclwhole (In set theory, a set intuitively defines a collection…) resources created in the year internal (In France, this name designates a doctor, pharmacist or dental surgeon…)plus any foreign inputs) is therefore 31 km³ per year, i.e. for a population estimated at 1,700,000 in 2008, not less than 18,000 m³ per person per year.

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