? Simon Stevin – Definition and Explanations


Simon Stevin, Intendant of Dutch Fortifications and Canals.

Simon Stevin (1548, Bruges – 1620) – Flemish engineer, mechanic and mathematician (Belgium).

A miracle is a miracle was his motto.

Biographical elements

A merchant clerk in Antwerp from 1564 to 1570, Stevin worked in the port finance of Bruges in 1577. He couldn’t buy duty-free beer and emigrated.year (A year is a unit of time that represents the time between two occurrences of a related event…) next: worked in Prussia, Poland, Denmark, Sweden and Norway. back country (Country comes from the Latin pagus, which designates a territorial and tribal division…) Low In 1581, at the age of 33, he published a book on the calculation of interest, and then entered the university.University of Leiden (The University of Leiden (Netherlands, Universiteit Leiden, UL) is the oldest…) In 1583.

It certainly isuniversity (A university is a higher education institution with the purpose of…) Discovers Steve’s workArchimedes (Archimedes of Syracuse (Ancient Greek:…) in the translation of Maurolico named Monument (Palermo). Stevin then did his first research on the machines he saw working in various arsenals the sea (The term sea encompasses several realities.) of North (North is the cardinal point against south.) and in the late 1580s by the Huguenot printer Christophe Plantin of his major works, esp Statics or the art of weight (1586) and hydrostatics (1586).

These works won him the favor of Maurice, Prince of Nassau, who afterwards frequently consulted him, and made him the first intendant of the canals of the Republic of the United Provinces. In 1590 Stevin moved to Delft and then to The Hague. Faced with the scale of the work to be done to defend the cities of the young republic, he education (Training (Latin “insignis”, signified, marked with a sign, distinguished) a…) scholar of artillery and fortifications. In 1593, he was one of the mathematicians the whole world Adrien Romain stepped up to settle equation (In mathematics, an equation is an equation that relates different quantities, usually…) of degree (The word publication has several meanings, especially used in the fields…) 45 and of these Francois Viete (François Viet or François Viette, Latin Franciscus Vieta, a…) will win. In 1600, he founded a school of military engineers in Leyden with the support of Maurice de Nassau, which was connected to the university (but not independent of it): Jacques Aleaume helped him there from 1607, studied at ANAS.algebra (Algebra is the Arabic word al-jabr (الجبر)…) In the spirit of Viète. Descartes, Guez de Balzac and many other young French aristocrats came to study there. scientist (A scientist dedicated to the study of a science or sciences and…) and the technology they lacked in their country, devastated by the Wars of Religion predator (Prey is an organism that is caught alive and eaten by another after it is killed…) to political instability.

we know little about life (Life is a given name 🙂 Deprived of Stevin; left a widow and two children. In Bruges, you can see his statue in the square named after him Eugene Simonis. He also gave his name Street (A street is a circulation space that serves residences and places in the city…) Located near Stévin, one of the most popular areas of Brussels circular (A roundabout is a circular (round, oval, or polygonal) or semicircular square. A…) Schuman and Square Ambiorix.

philosophy of science

Stevin was convinced that the world had an age of reason the past (The past is above all a concept of time: it consists of all…) (Hugo Grotius). A patriot, he tried to convert the Low German dialects spoken in the Netherlands into his own language, and in particular he tried to find a Flemish/Dutch equivalent for all scientific and technical terms. mathematics has a Germanic, not Greek, root: Mathematics. Stevin saw the Dutch advantage number (The concept of number in linguistics is considered in the article “Number…”) from monosyllabic words and the ability to form radicals.


“A miracle is not a secret” (Een is a wonder and an admirable wonder): impossibility constant motion (Perpetual motion expresses the idea of ​​motion (in general…)Stevin lays down a principle for determining equilibria (” the art of scales “).

Double-entry bookkeeping may have been known to Stevin either during his time as an official in Antwerp or from the works of Italian authors. Luca Pacioli (Luca Bartolomes Pacioli, known as Luca di Borgo (1445, Borgo Sansepolcro in Tuscany – 1514 or 1517…) and Girolamo Cardano (Girolamo Cardano (Pavia, September 24, 1501 – Rome, September 21, 1576), sometimes called Gerolamo…). However, he was the first to recommend the use of non-personal accounts in national accounting. He applied it to Prince Maurice and recommended it to Sully.

His greatest success was a small tract called From Thiende (Decimal), like all his writings, was published in Dutch in 1586, and the French translation did not exceed seven pages.

About five centuries before his time, decimal fractions had been used to extract square roots, but no one before Stevin had been interested in its everyday use.

Decimal notation for 19.178

Stevin was so aware of the importance of this contribution that he declared it to be of universal use decimal system (The decimal system is a number system that uses base ten. In this…) it was inevitable. The note he suggests is quite difficult to manage: decimals are affected by them Strong (The word power is used in a certain sense in several areas 🙂 ten marked with small circle (A circle is a closed plane curve of equidistant points…) around (Autour is the name given by French bird nomenclature (update)…) who’sexponent (Explanatory may make sense 🙂.

Stevin also notes numbers raised to powers in algebraic equations: circled numbers denote simple exponents. Stevin uses fractional exponents but never considers negative exponents.

An echo was found with Stevie’s decimal notationEurope (Europe is a land area that…) learned. The decimal point was introduced by Bartholomaus Pitiscus in his trigonometric tables (1612) and adopted by John Napier in his two works on tables of logarithms (1614 and 1619).

Finally, Stevin innovated little by little geometry (Geometry is the branch of mathematics that studies the shapes of space…)but it was the first to show how to build it multifaceted (A polyhedron is a three-dimensional geometric shape with flat faces…) by developing on the plane.

Mechanic (In everyday terms, mechanics is the field of machines, engines, vehicles, organs, etc.)

Stevie’s contribution to Statics is (1586). important. Showing this everything (The whole, understood as the whole of what exists, is often interpreted as the world or…) balance can ultimately be reduced to an abstract form weighsuggests that it is behind the concept weight (Weight is the force of gravity, derived from gravity and inertia, exerted by …) hides an abstract, more general concept power. With this method, he approaches the concept of the moment of force by generalizing the lever principle more boldly than all his predecessors (Kardan, Tartalya). It thus reduces the law of equilibrium on an inclined plane to the law of lever equilibrium. ‘s analysis is famous Pierre Duhem (Pierre Maurice Marie Duhem (born June 10, 1861 in Paris and died June 14…) to the epistemology of his thoughts (for Archimedes, against Aristotle). also uses the concept virtual displacementwill be accepted by Galileo (Galilee or Galileo Galilei (born February 15, 1564 in Pisa and died in Arcetri near Florence…). He finally releases the first one concepts of stable and unstable equilibrium .

He demonstrated, a century (A century is now a period of one hundred years. The word comes from the Latin word saeculum, i, which…). before Pierre Varignon (Pierre Varignon, born in Cannes in 1654 and died in Paris on December 23, 1722…) method parallelogram of forcesthis was previously known only in special cases (repulsion and contribution of equal intensity angle (In geometry, the general concept of an angle is found in several concepts…) straight or 60°). The anecdote about the sand yacht quoted earlier shows how he understood to go into the windthis represents a great advance in time.

the paradox (A paradox is a proposition containing or involving a logical contradiction or…) hydrostatic…

discovered hydrostatic paradox : the pressure (Pressure is a basic physical concept. You can think of it as a force expressed…) of one fluid (The liquid phase is the state of matter. Matter in this form…) at the bottom of the container, regardless of its shape, as well surface (Surface generally refers to the surface layer of an object. The term a…) bottom; it just depends on him height (Height has several meanings depending on the subject area.) ofwater (Water is a ubiquitous chemical compound on Earth, essential for everyone…) in the container. It also gave a measure of pressure on any part of the vessel.

In 1606, he demonstrated that two bodies of different weights fall with the same weight speed (We notice 🙂.

Finally, he tried to explain the tides by gravity month (The Moon is Earth’s only natural satellite and the world’s fifth largest…).

Therefore, he is ahead of Galileo in many matters; but his enormous work remains largely unknown: the Flemish stream will only be translated later, and we will know everything first. italian (Italian is the name used for the rope used to maneuver the furrier…) (Benedetti, etc.), Leonardo, Cardan, Tartaglia.

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